NONFICTION: “Lexi Youngberg: Invincible”tSKILL: Vocabulary Acquisition, page 1 of 2
1. crude (CROOD) adjective; roughly or inexpertly planned or made example: Lost in the woods overnight, the troop built a crude shelter out of fallen branches.
2. fashion (FAH-shun) verb; to give shape or form to; make or construct in an imaginative way example: To complete the room’s rustic look, Lily fashioned a table from old apple crates.
3. hull (HULL) noun; the frame or body of a boat—the part that floats partially in the water and partially out of the water and that supports the rest of the boat example: We repainted the boat’s hull with red-and-white stripes.
4. neural (NYUR-uhl) adjective; relating to or affecting the nervous system example: Neural hearing loss occurs when there is damage to the nerve that carries messages from the inner ear to the brain.
5. propeller (pruh-PEL-ur) noun; a set of rotating blades that provide force to move a vehicle through air or water example: Marcus attached a battery-powered fan to the toy boat to serve as a propeller.
6. revolutionize (rev-uh-LOO-shun-ize) verb; to bring about major change example: Computers and smartphones have revolutionized the way people communicate.
7. synthetic (sin-THEH-tik) adjective; not natural; artificial example: I could jog in a cotton shirt, but I prefer wearing synthetic fabric that is designed to keep me cool.
8. tourniquet (TOOR-nih-ket) noun; a bandage or other material wrapped tightly around a bleeding limb to stop or slow the flow of blood example: Chris’s arm was bleeding severely, so the paramedics applied a tourniquet to it.
9. wakeboarder (WAYK-bord-ur) noun; a person who rides on a short board towed by a motorboat (A wake is the track left in the water by a boat.) example: The beginning wakeboarders practiced strapping their boards onto their feet.
10. wakesurfer (WAYK-surf-ur) noun; a person who surfs the waves made by a motorboat example: I love to watch Kevin from the back of the boat. He’s an awesome wakesurfer! SCHOLASTIC SCOPE"$5*7*5:t/07&.#&3
1. The crude bridge was made ______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 2. I wanted privacy in the room my sister and I shared, so I fashioned a __________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 3. To repair the bottom of his boat’s hull, John had to _________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. After Laura’s accident, the doctor checked her neural function to make sure ___________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 5. The model plane needs a new propeller because ____________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 6. Matt plans to revolutionize the school lunch menu by _______________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 7. The store-bought pie tasted synthetic. It did not ____________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 8. Chris applied a tourniquet to the dog’s leg, hoping to ________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 9. Lisa is a wakeboarder. She spends every Saturday __________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ 10. “I used to be a wakesurfer,” said Travis, “but _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________________ SCHOLASTIC SCOPE"$5*7*5:t/07&.#&3
3FBE 5IJOL &YQMBJO Exploring the facts and ideas in a nonfiction article will help you understand it better. Use this worksheet to help you understand “Lexi Youngberg: Invincible” in the November 21, 2011, issue of Scope.
A. BEFORE READING 1. Read the title, or headline, of the article. Write it here: __________________________________________________ Now look at the photographs and read the captions. What do you predict the story will be about? Circle one of the choices below and explain. A person If so, who? _______________________________________________________________________________ An event If so, what? ______________________________________________________________________________ Something else If so, what? ________________________________________________________________________ 2. Look at the photograph on pages 4-5. What does it show? What words come to mind when you look at it? __________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________
B. DURING READING Read the subtitle, or heading, of each section. Then complete the following. 3. The first section is the introduction. It is mainly about (summarize): ____________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ . 4. The second section is called ______________________________. It is mainly about (summarize): ________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ . 5. The third section is called ______________________________. It is mainly about (summarize): __________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ . 6. The fourth section is called ______________________________. It is mainly about (summarize): ________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ . 7. The fifth section is called ______________________________. It is mainly about (summarize): __________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ . 8. The sixth section is called ______________________________. It is mainly about (summarize): __________________ _________________________________________________________________________________________________ . CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE > SCHOLASTIC SCOPE"$5*7*5:t/07&.#&3
C. AFTER READING 9. Write down three facts from the article that you didn’t know before you read it. __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
10. What is the MAIN purpose of the article? (circle one) to convince readers to be careful when boating
to examine how a young woman overcame obstacles
to instruct readers about the technology of prosthetics
11. What is the connection between the main article and the speech on page 9? ____________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
D. TEXT STRUCTURE 12. Problem and Solution: Write three solutions to the problem stated below. PROBLEM -FYJDPVMEOPUXBMLPSQMBZ TQPSUTBGUFSTIFMPTUQBSUPGIFS MFGUMFHJOBOBDDJEFOU SOLUTION
E. MAKING CONNECTIONS
13. Here’s how this article relates to (fill in at least two): Something else I read: ____________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Something else I know about: _____________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Something in my own life: ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ SCHOLASTIC SCOPE"$5*7*5:t/07&.#&3
Directions: Fill in this graphic organizer to keep track of the obstacles that Lexi Youngberg faced, and faces, as a result of the accident and what she has done—and still does—to overcome those obstacles. We filled in one obstacle in each box.
SECTION 1: LEXI’S OBSTACLES Physical Obstacles
Emotional and Mental Obstacles
What difficulties has Lexi faced in terms of her health and her body? What physical activities has she struggled with since the accident?
What difficult emotions has Lexi experienced as a result of the accident? How did the accident affect her mind?
s She suffered an infection that nearly killed her.
s She was devastated by the loss of her friend Robby in the accident.
CONTINUED ON NEXT PAGE > SCHOLASTIC SCOPE"$5*7*5:t/07&.#&3