These three states of matter are common on Earth. ... are found in fluorescent lights, plasma TV screens, and plasma balls like the one that opened this chapter.
energy: ability to cause changes in matter. â¢ gas: state of matter that has neither a fixed ... and plasma) in which matter can exist without the chemical makeup of matter changing ... Copy and distribute the lesson worksheets in the CK-12 Physical
This diagram shows what happens to particles during changes of state. This is ... moving faster and faster. More and more heat absorbed rni.lfWI. Solid. Liquid.
mixture may retain their individual properties when combined, or the ... properties, sand, shape, size, solid, solution, states of matter, substance, surface,.
The change of state from a liquid to a gas. 3. ... ____ proportional: A term used to describe the relationship between two variables whose graph is a straight.
NEET Â». â¢ Oscilloscope. â¢ SAT / GRE Â». â¢ Uncategorized. Thermal expansion of solids, liquids and gases. Thermal Properties. Thermal expansion of solids, liquids ... IGCSE Physics. â¢ Bimetallic Strip, Cumulative Effect, Everyday Applications
Chapter 3. States of Matter. Section 3.1 Solids, Liquids, and Gases. (pages 68â73). This section explains how materials are classified as solids, liquids, or gases. ... 2. Is the following sentence true or false? The fact that a copper wire can be
much larger than the density of steam. Notice that the densities and molar volumes of ice and liquid water are much closer to each other than to steam ...... vaporize 90.0 g of C3H7OH at its boiling point. 78 because the given amount of C. 3. H. 7. O
If you can DO them, check the box If you CANNOT do them, write some notes. TO YOURSELF about what you need to ... M b. in a crystal ofthe salt NaCl Em _ 549A 0 in a solution of potassium nitrate KNO3 i mm! id bib A d'. in diamond ... poor conductor o
6. Identify the type of IMF for each molecule. Molecule. Strongest IMF. H2O. H2S. H2Se. H2Te. 7. Explain the general shape of this graph. 8. Account for the trend ...
Ionic Bonding and the Crystal Lattice. â¢ The extra ... are polar with a higher density of bonding electrons ... both bonds as well as the non-bonding valence shell ...
3. With which type of substances do London dispersion forces play the most significant role? a) polar molecules d) non-polar molecules b) metals e) network compounds c) ionic compounds. 4. The heat of vaporization of H2S, at its boiling point. (â61
South Pasadena â¢ AP Chemistry. Name. Period ___ Date ___/___/___. 13 â¢ IMF's, Liquids, & Solids. I M F ' S I N S O L I D S. Indicate the strongest IMF holding together crystals of the following: Molecular Crystal. Metal. Ionic Crystal. Network So
Given appropriate thermodynamic data, the students will calculate the heat required to melt specific samples of solids with no temperature ... Demonstrations. 1. None. Worksheets. 1. Intermolecular Forces of Attraction Worksheet. 2. Heat Transfer Wor
The alkanes, alkenes, etc. â¢ The diatomic molecules. â¢ The noble gases. Page 8. Metals. â¢ A lattice of positive ions in a âsea of electronsâ. â¢ Metal atoms have low electronegativity. Page 9. Metal Examples. â¢ Pb. â¢ Ag. â¢ Au. â¢ Cu
Methanol, CHgOH, (molar mass 32.04 g/mol) has a heat of vaporization of 39.2 kJ/mol and a density of. 0.7914 gij. New much energy is needed to vaporize 350. mL of r'netbanol'IJ to). 350. ML CHyDHV :1qu 5' w 7 MS: 3 a}; Rs lee he 32,0110 1. 3. The gre
(A) temperature at which the vapor pressure of the liquid is equal to the external ... (D) The solid phase always melts if the pressure increases at constant temperature. ... (B) Condensation ... The cooling curve for a pure substance as it changes f
Phase change review (see chart to the right). II. ... Phase Diagrams (P v. T):. A. Lines (AD ... Estimate the boiling point of diethyl ether under an external pressure.
6213EV Standard p. 2/7. Technical data. Power consumption. Ori- fice. DN. Port .... 16.8. NPT 1. 16.8. Rc 1. 80. 41. Dimensions (DC-coil, 40mm). 12. K. H. D. C.
Illustration: Joy Sheng; Cotton candy: Flickr: seelensturm. Cotton candy is an amorphous solid . Illustration: CC BY-NC 3.0; Cotton candy: CC BY 2.0. 3. Quartz: ...
Using an open-content, web-based collaborative model .... Viscosity [mPaâ¢s]. 10. 1.308. 20. 1.002. 30 ... Then do online research to find out if your prediction is ...
A dynamic equilibrium can be illustrated by an equation with a double arrow, meaning that the reaction is occurring .... so water boils at about 95Â°C. On the summit of Mt. Everest, the atmospheric pressure is about 255 mmHg, so water boils at only .
Solids, Liquids, Gases, and Plasmas
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Lesson 4.1: True or False Name___________________ Class______________ Date__________ Determine if the following statements are true or false. _____ 1. A liquid takes the volume of its container. _____ 2. Particles of amorphous solids have no definite pattern. _____ 3. A beef steak is an example of a crystalline solid. _____ 4. Viscosity causes water to curve upward at the top rim of a glass. _____ 5. There is more gas than any other state of matter in the universe. _____ 6. All states of matter have a fixed mass and fixed volume. _____ 7. The volume and shape of a solid can never change. _____ 8. Surface tension explains why water forms droplets. _____ 9. Water has greater viscosity than any other liquid. _____ 10. A gas spreads out to fill all available space.
Lesson 4.1: Critical Reading Name___________________ Class______________ Date__________ Read this passage from the text and answer the questions that follow. Energy and States of Matter Why do different states of matter have different properties? It’s because of differences in energy at the level of atoms and molecules, the tiny particles that make up matter. Energy is the ability to cause changes in matter. Energy that causes matter to move is called kinetic energy. According to the kinetic theory of matter, the particles that make up matter have kinetic energy and are constantly moving. So why don’t all the particles move apart? Particles of matter of the same substance, such as the same element, are attracted to one another. This force of attraction tends to pull the particles closer together. The particles need a lot of kinetic energy to overcome the force of attraction and move apart. It’s like a tug of war between opposing forces. The kinetic energy of individual particles is on one side, and the force of attraction between different particles is on the other side. The outcome of the “war” depends on the state of matter. • In solids, particles don’t have enough kinetic energy to overcome the force of attraction between them. The particles are packed closely together and cannot move around. All they can do is wiggle, or vibrate, in place. This explains why solids have a fixed volume and a fixed shape. 1
www.ck12.org • In liquids, particles have enough kinetic energy to partly overcome the force of attraction between them. They can slide past one another but not pull apart. This explains why liquids can change shape but have a fixed volume. • In gases, particles have a lot of kinetic energy. They can completely overcome the force of attraction between them and move apart. This explains why gases have neither a fixed volume nor a fixed shape. Questions 1. Create a table comparing and contrasting solids, liquids, and gases. 2. Relate the kinetic theory of matter to states of matter.
Lesson 4.1: Multiple Choice Name___________________ Class______________ Date__________ Circle the letter of the correct choice. 1. What happens when matter changes state? a. b. c. d.
Its chemical properties change. Its physical properties change. The energy of its particles remains the same. two of the above
2. The volume and shape of a solid could be changed by a. b. c. d.
placing it in a container with a different shape. putting it in a container with a different volume. cutting or breaking it. all of the above
3. An example of an amorphous solid is a. b. c. d.
candle wax. table salt. cellulose. none of the above
4. Surface tension is a force that affects a. b. c. d.
gases. plasmas. solids. liquids.
5. Which statement is true about plasma? a. b. c. d.
It has a fixed volume. It has a fixed shape. It contains ions. It does not occur in nature.
6. Which state of matter has particles with the least energy? a. plasma b. gas c. liquid 2
Chapter 1. Solids, Liquids, Gases, and Plasmas
d. solid 7. The volume of a gas is a. b. c. d.
fixed. viscous. the same as its container. equal to its mass.
Lesson 4.1: Matching Name___________________ Class______________ Date________ Match each definition with the correct term. Definitions _____ 1. state of matter that lacks a fixed volume and a fixed shape _____ 2. state of matter with a fixed volume and a fixed shape _____ 3. energy that moves matter _____ 4. ability to cause changes in matter _____ 5. state of matter with a fixed volume but not a fixed shape _____ 6. state of matter that consists of ions _____ 7. solid, liquid, gas, or plasma Terms a. solid b. liquid c. gas d. plasma e. kinetic energy f. state of matter g. energy
Lesson 4.1: Fill in the Blank Name___________________ Class______________ Date________ Fill in the blank with the appropriate term. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.
State of matter is a(n) __________ property of matter. Water in the gaseous state is called __________. Water in the solid state is called __________. The force that pulls particles at the surface of a liquid toward other liquid particles is __________. A liquid’s resistance to flowing is known as __________. The northern lights glow because of matter in the __________ state. 3
www.ck12.org 7. The particles of __________ solids are arranged in a regular repeating pattern.
Lesson 4.1: Critical Writing Name___________________ Class______________ Date________ Thoroughly answer the question below. Use appropriate academic vocabulary and clear and complete sentences. Describe in detail the relationship between matter and energy.