Mar 21, 2014 - Given a rational expression, identify the excluded values by finding the zeroes of the denominator. If possible ... whenever x â . F What is the domain for this function? ... Essential Question: How can you add and subtract rational e
California Standards. 13.0, 15.0. Review for Mastery. Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions continued. Like fractions, you may need to multiply by a form ...
Add and subtract rational expressions with different denominators. â¢ Solve real-world ... It's customary to leave the LCM in factored form, because this form is useful in simplifying rational expressions and .... It's usually useful to set up a tab
Mar 21, 2014 - find this lesson in the hardcover student edition. Adding and. Subtracting Rational. Expressions. ENGAGE. Essential Question: How can you add and subtract rational expressions? Possible answer: Convert them to like denominators, then a
Distributive property. ) ) ) Write as a single fraction. ) ) Remove parentheses in the numerator. ) ) Combine like terms in the numerator. When adding or subtracting fractions whose denominators are opposites and therefore differ only in signs), mult
Given two or more rational expressions, the least common denominator (LCD) is found by factoring each denominator and finding the least common multiple (LCM) of the factors. This technique is useful for the addition and subtraction of expressions wit
Algebra 2 Unit 8.1-8.2 Worksheet - Operations on Rational Functions. Foundation for Algebra II TEK: 2A10.D Determine the solutions of rational equations using graphs, tables, and algebraic methods. Look carefully at each problem to see if it is addit
P q 1ATlYlu OrAiQgGhmtYs3 ZrFeGsmepruvTecde.v. Adding & Subtracting Rational Expressions. Simplify each expression. 1). 2 p + 3. +. 4p p + 4. 2). 3. 5v + 4. â. 5v v â 4. 3). 2. 2x. +. 6. 2x â 6. 4) 6m â m + 6. 2m2 + 7m + 6. 5). 4b. 3. +. 5b â
Andy is strapped to a hang glider and jumps from the edge of the Grand Canyon (ground level). He initially drops 4 feet, then catches an air current and rises ...
Glencoe Algebra 2. 8-2 Practice. Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions. Find the LCM of each set of polynomials. 1. x2y, xy3. 2. a2b3c, abc4. 3. x + 1, x + 3. 4. g - 1, g2 + 3g - 4. 5. 2r + 2, r2 + r, r + 1. 6. 3, 4w + 2, 4w2 - 1. 7. x2 + 2x -
Find each difference. a. (5x + 6) â (âx + 6) b. (7y + 5) â 2(4y â 3) a. Vertical method: Align like terms vertically and subtract. (5x + 6). 5x + 6. â (âx + 6). + x â 6. 6x b. Horizontal method: Use properties of operations to group lik
7x â 30. Perform the indicated operation. 8. x x x. +. â. +. 1. 2. 3. 9. 2. 3. 3. 1. 2 ... 416 SpringBoardÂ® Mathematics Algebra 1, Unit 4 â¢ Exponents, Radicals, and ...
1 | Page. Unit 2 Cycle 1 - Adding and Subtracting Rational Numbers. Lesson 2.1.1 - Definition of Rational Numbers. Vocabulary integers rational numbers .... Your student should be able to answer the following questions about adding opposite numbers f
even if you must use a zero coefficient. Âº4x2 + x3 + 3 = (1)x3 + ... EXAMPLE 1 leading coefficient. degree of a polynomial degree standard form, polynomial. GOAL 1. 10.1. Add and subtract polynomials. Use polynomials to model real-life .... In Exerc
Online Practice and Help my.hrw.com. YOU. Are. Ready? 0. 5. -5. -5. -10. 0. 10. 5. Complete these exercises to review skills you will need for this module. Understand Integers. EXAMPLE A diver descended 20 meters. -20. Write an integer to represent e
The surface area (including the top and bottom bases) is given by the following formula. 2. Sa+a. S = 21rrh + 27rr2. 2. GEOMETRY Write a polynomial to show the area of the large square ... the length is always 4 centimeters more than double the width
... cA^l^gVeVb[rZa\ [2N. Worksheet by Kuta Software LLC. Answers to HW 1: Classifying, Adding, and Subtracting Polynomial Functions (ID: 1). 1) quadratic trinomial. 2) sixth degree trinomial. 3) sixth degree monomial. 4) quintic polynomial with six t
Worksheet by Kuta Software LLC. Answers to HW 1: Classifying, Adding, and Subtracting Polynomial Functions (ID: 1). 1) quintic binomial. 2) linear monomial. 3) quadratic monomial. 4) sixth degree polynomial with five terms. 5) linear binomial. 6) -3v
10.1 Adding and Subtracting Rational Expressions Essential Question: How can you add and subtract rational expressions? A2.7.F Determine the sum, difference…of rational expressions with integral exponents of degree one and of degree two.
Identifying Excluded Values
Given a rational expression, identify the excluded values by finding the zeroes of the denominator. If possible, simplify the expression.
(1 - x 2) _ x-1 The denominator of the expression is
Since division by 0 is not defined, the excluded values for this expression are all the values that would make the denominator equal to 0. x-1=0 x=
Begin simplifying the expression by factoring the numerator.
Divide out terms common to both the numerator and the denominator.
(1 - x 2) ___ _ = = x-1 -(1 - x)
The simplified expression is
(1 - x 2) _ = x-1
, whenever x ≠
What is the domain for this function? What is its range?
What factors can be divided out of the numerator and denominator?
Writing Equivalent Rational Expressions
Given a rational expression, there are different ways to write an equivalent rational expression. When common terms are divided out, the result is an equivalent but simplified expression. Example 1
Simplify the expressions.
3x Write ______ as an equivalent rational expression that has a denominator of (x + 3)(x + 5). (x + 3) 3x The expression ______ has a denominator of (x + 3). (x + 3) The factor missing from the denominator is (x + 5).
Adding and subtracting rational expressions is similar to adding and subtracting fractions. Example 2
Add or subtract. Identify any excluded values and simplify your answer.
x 2 + 4x + 2 _ x2 _ + 2 2 x +x x x 2 + 4x + 2 _ x2 Factor the denominators. _ + 2 x x(x + 1) Identify where the expression is not defined. The first expression is undefined when x = 0. The second expression is undefined when x = 0 and when x = -1. Find a common denominator. The LCM for x 2 and x(x + 1) is x 2(x + 1). Write the expressions with a common denominator by multiplying both by the appropriate form of 1.
(x + 1) _ x 2 + 4x + 2 _ x2 x _ ⋅ + ⋅_ 2 x x(x + 1) x (x + 1)
Simplify each numerator.
x 3 + 5x 2 + 6x + 2 x3 _ = __ + x 2 (x + 1) x 2(x + 1)
2x 3 + 5x 2 + 6x + 2 = __ x 2 (x + 1)
It is clear that x and x2 are not factors of the numerator, and you can show by synthetic division that x + 1 is not a factor of the numerator. Since none of the factors of the denominator are factors of the numerator, the expression cannot be further simplified.
x 2 + 3x - 4 2x 2 - _ _ 2 x - 5x x2 Factor the denominators.
x 2 + 3x - 4 2x 2 _ -_ x2
Identify where the expression is not defined. The first expression is undefined when x = 0 and when x = 5. The second expression is undefined when x = 0. Find a common denominator. The LCM for x(x - 5) and x 2 is Write the expressions with a common denominator by multiplying both by the appropriate form of 1.
x + 3x - 4 _ 2x 2 x-5 ⋅_- _ ⋅ 2 x -5 x x(x - 5) 2
Simplify each numerator.
x - 2x - 19x + 20 2x =_ - __ 2 2
+ 2x + 19x - 20 = __ 2
x (x - 5)
x (x - 5)
x (x - 5)
It is clear that x and x2 are not factors of the numerator, and you can show by synthetic division that x - 5 is not a factor of the numerator. Since none of the factors of the denominator are factors of the numerator, the expression cannot be further simplified.
Add each pair of expressions, simplifying the result and noting the combined excluded values. Then subtract the second expression from the first, again simplifying the result and noting the combined excluded values. 4.
Rational expressions can model real-world phenomena, and can be used to calculate measurements of those phenomena. Example 3
Find the sum or difference of the models to solve the problem.
Two groups have agreed that each will contribute $2000 for an upcoming trip. Group A has 6 more people than group B. Let x represent the number of people in group A. Write and simplify an expression in terms of x that represents the difference between the number of dollars each person in group A must contribute and the number each person in group B must contribute. 2000(x − 6) _ 2000 − _ 2000 = __ _ − 2000x x x−6 (x − 6)x x(x − 6) 2000x - 12, 000 − 2000x = ___ x(x − 6) 12, 000 = - _ x(x - 6)
A freight train averages 30 miles per hour traveling to its destination with full cars and 40 miles per hour on the return trip with empty cars. Find the total time in terms of d. Use the d formula t = __ r. Let d represent the one-way distance.
A hiker averages 1.4 miles per hour when walking downhill on a mountain trail and 0.8 miles per hour on the return trip when walking uphill. Find the total time in terms of d. Use the d formula t = __ r.
Yvette ran at an average speed of 6.20 feet per second during the first two laps of a race and an average speed of 7.75 feet per second during the second two laps of a race. Find her total time in terms of d, the distance around the racecourse.
Why do rational expressions have excluded values?
How can you tell if your answer is written in simplest form?
19. A company has two factories, factory A and factory B. The cost per item to produce q 200 + 13q . The cost per item to produce q items in factory B items in factory A is _ q 300 + 25q is _ . Find an expression for the sum of these costs per item. Then divide this 2q expression by 2 to find an expression for the average cost per item to produce q items in each factory.
20. An auto race consists of 8 laps. A driver completes the first 3 laps at an average speed of 185 miles per hour and the remaining laps at an average speed of 200 miles per hour. Let d represent the length of one lap. Find the time in terms of d that it takes the driver to complete the race.
21. The junior and senior classes of a high school are cleaning up a beach. Each class has pledged to clean 1600 meters of shoreline. The junior class has 12 more students than the senior class. Let s represent the number of students in the senior class. Write and simplify an expression in terms of s that represents the difference between the number of meters of shoreline each senior must clean and the number of meters each junior must clean.
22. Architecture The Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio believed that the height of a room with vaulted ceilings should be the harmonic mean of the length and width.
. Simplify this The harmonic mean of two positive numbers a and b is equal to ____ __1 2 __1 a + b
expression. What are the excluded values? What do they mean in this problem?
23. Match each expression with the correct excluded value(s). 3x + 5 no excluded values a. _ x+2 1+x b. _ x ≠ 0, -2 x 2 - 1 3x 4 - 12 c. _ x ≠ 1, -1 x 2 + 4 3x + 6 d. _ x ≠ -2 x 2 ( x + 2)
H.O.T. Focus on Higher Order Thinking
24. Explain the Error George was asked to write three different expressions equivalent to 2x - 3, but with successive excluded values of x = 1, x = 2, and x = -3. He wrote the following expressions: 2x - 3 a. _ x-1 2x - 3 b. _ x-2 2x - 3 c. _ x+3 What error did George make? Write the correct expressions, then write an expression that has all three excluded values.
25. Communicate Mathematical Ideas Write a rational expression with excluded values at x = 0 and x = 17.
. Think 26. Critical Thinking Sketch the graph of the rational equation y = ________ x + 1 x 2 + 3x + 2
about how to show graphically that a graph exists over a domain except at one point.
4 x -8
Lesson Performance Task A kayaker spends an afternoon paddling on a river. She travels 3 miles upstream and 3 miles downstream in a total of 4 hours. In still water, the kayaker can travel at an average speed of 2 miles per hour. Based on this information, can you estimate the average speed of the river’s current? Is your answer reasonable? Next, assume the average speed of the kayaker is an unknown, k, and not necessarily 2 miles per hour. What is the range of possible average kayaker speeds under the rest of the constraints?